Types of Glaucoma

There are several types of glaucoma, each has its own ways of treatment

the normal flow of fluid inside the eye. In cases with glaucoma, this flow is interrupted

Types of glaucoma according to the age of presentation

treatment of congenital glaucoma in children at Dr Ahmad Khlalil Eye CLinic in Cairo, Egypt

In rare instances, glaucoma can affect children, at birth or just after birth. This is particularly common in the Middle East, and Indian subcontinent. we call this congenital glaucoma

glaucoma in young adults

Glaucoma can also affect young adults. Although this is rare, it is always important to have an eye check as this age group is usually healthy and does not seek medical advice. This age group can, more often than not, bemissed

adult glaucoma

This is the commonest age to have glaucoma. Glaucoma in the adult has several types, mentioned below

Types of adult glaucoma

THERE ARE TWO MAIN SUB-GROUPS OF PRIMARY GLAUCOMA:

1- Open Angle Glaucoma

Open angle glaucoma at Dr Khalil eye clinic in cairo egypt

Despite the angle of the eye being wide and open, the tiny microscopic drainage channels outside the angle are blocked. This leads to what we call open angle glaucoma, which is a slowly progressive condition, and because it is a slow process, it can often be missed, This is what we call “the silent thief of sight”

2- angle closure glaucoma

Closed angle glaucoma at Dr Khalil eye clinic in cairo egypt

(also known as closed angle glaucoma): occurs more rapidly when the flow of fluid inside the eye cannot pass through the narrow angle in the front of the eye, where drainage usually occurs, causing a rapid rise in pressure inside the eye.

THERE ARE OTHER 2 ENTITIES WITH SOME RESEMBLANCE TO GLAUCOMA
Ocular hypertension occurs when the pressure of the eye is repeatedly measured as being high, and yet the eye displays no signs of glaucoma damage. Normal tension glaucoma (normal pressure glaucoma) is the opposite, where the nerve at the back of the eye shows signs of glaucoma damage and yet the pressure is always recorded as being within normal limits.
THERE ARE SOME EYE DISEASES WHICH CAN RESULT IN SECONDARY GLAUCOMA
Among these are eye inflammatioon, the growth of new vessels inside the eye, which may occur in connection with diabetes or after vascular occlusions at the back of the eye

How can glaucoma be treated?

Depending on the type and severity of the glaucoma, Dr Ahmad Khalil may recommend glaucoma treatment in the form of eye drops, glaucoma laser eye surgery or conventional glaucoma surgery as the best option for you. Dr Khalil almost always performs his glaucoma surgeries under local anaesthetic and whichever option he recommends, the objective will be the same: to reduce the pressure causing the glaucoma and preserve the vision in your eye as safely and painlessly as possible